عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the narrated and historical evidence, the government of Prophet Suleiman is one of the greatest, most important and influential powers throughout human history and is always considered by different religions, especially monotheistic religions. There are references to this rule in the Holy Quran. Of course, the characteristics of the Prophet Suleiman’s government is discussed in greater detail than other stories in the Qur'an and it has been named the kingdom of Solomon. The issue the present research looks to discuss is the possibility of proving the government of Suleiman as a monotheistic civilization with the criteria of civilization studies. This article examines and analyzes the kingdom of Suleiman with the aim of discovering and approving it as a civilization, it deals with the civilizational indicators and rules of this kingdom in which the verses of the Holy Quran and the characteristics of the kingdom of Solomon are analyzed alongside the components and indicators necessary to prove the civilization of a government from a civilizational perspective. Furthermore, important components such as ideology and doctrine, leadership and management, macro component of authority and power in components such as military authority and security, economic, political, scientific and technological authority as well as astounding extraordinary powers, geographical components and territories, social and cultural factors especially in important indicators such as justice and fighting oppression, welfare and development, architecture and urban planning, law and social order have been considered. The result is that kingdom of Solomon is rare and unique in these components and indicators of civilization in his time and even many of them until now. The salient truth in the civilization of Solomon is the formation and prolongation of the existence of such a kingdom based on monotheism, which has paved the way for the creation of a great and unique civilization. It is clear that the formation of a great and strong religion-based and monotheistic civilization is in fact proof of the a priori history of monotheistic civilization, which is effective in acknowledging the possibility of the subsequent formation and re-formation of a religious and monotheistic civilization in the form of a modern Islamic civilization or civilization under the Mahdi.