1 دانشجوی دکتری مدرسی معارف اسلامی، گرایش تاریخ و تمدن اسلامی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 استادیار دانشکده الهیات و ادیان دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
3 دانشیار دانشکده الهیات و ادیان دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the intellectual system of any school, the status of human being is an issue which is the criterion and measure in that school to determine the direction of civilization and the production of civilized products. On the other hand, the lack of proper clarification of human reality as an anthropological principles or the lack of attention to such a clarification will lead to the intellectual domination of others as well as independence. It will also convert the school as an adherent of schools which assume the responsibility of defining human nature.
In this study, by examining the narrations of Al-kafi, using analyticalexplanatory method and putting the emphasis on this issue: “What is the reality of man on the horizon of Islamic civilization?”, some issues as the human reality that can serve as the anthropological principle of Islam have been analyzed. The findings indicate that the four realities of “being creature of God”, “innate need”, “divine nature” and “originality of the soul” are the main variables in defining man and his real nature and without considering these realities, the coming civilization will not be the Islamic civilization.